Also known as Queen Emma, Queen Kaleleonalani was married to Kamehameha IV until his death in 1863. Being of both Hawaiian and English descent, Emma was strongly influenced by her English education and upbringing. She was partially responsible for the introduction of the Episcopal Church to the islands. As American presence became more prominent in the later years of the kingdom, Queen Emma spoke out against it. She was strongly in favor of retaining her country’s independence.