2021 55¢ Heritage Breeds – San Clemente Island Goat
Value: 55¢ 1-ounce First-class rate (Forever)
Issue Date: May 17, 2021
First Day City: Mount Vernon, VA
Type of Stamp: Commemorative
Printed by: Banknote Corporation of America
Printing Method: Offset, Flexographic
Format: Pane of 20
Quantity Printed: 25,000,000
Some heritage breeds were purposely created by our ancestors. However, some happened naturally – like San Clemente Island goats.
San Clemente Island is located off the coast of southern California and is managed by the US Navy. In 1875, goats were brought to the island from Santa Catalina Island and allowed to wander freely. The goat population grew, and when the Navy took over the island in 1934, they began hunting and trapping the goats until 1972. At that point, the 15,000 goats on the island were becoming a nuisance.
By 1980, just 4,000 goats were still on the island, but they were still threatening native plant and animal species. While the US Navy wanted to continue eradication efforts, they were blocked from doing so in court by an animal welfare group. Instead, the court called on trappers to catch the remaining goats on the island. Captured goats were then brought to the mainland where they were adopted and redomesticated.
Today, San Clemente Island goats are critically endangered, though they have adapted well to a variety of climates. Perhaps, under the watchful eye of farmers, these once-nuisance goats will safely make a comeback in captivity.