8¢ Postal Service Employees
Issue Date: April 30, 1973
City: Washington, DC
Printed By: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Printing Method: Photogravure
Perforations: 10 ½ x 11
To highlight “Postal Week,” ten special stamps were issued in 1973 “designed to emphasize to the American people the important duties performed by the men and women” who are employed by the United States Postal Service. Originally issued attached, each of the ten stamps depicts one of the many jobs performed by postal workers and contains a message written by the Post Office.
Window Clerk – 8¢: “Nearly 27 billion U.S. stamps are sold yearly to carry your letters to every corner of the world.”
Mail Pickup – 8¢: “Mail is picked up from nearly a third of a million local collection boxes, as well as your own mailbox.”
Conveyor Belt – 8¢: “More than 87 billion letters and packages are handled yearly – almost 300 million every delivery day.”
Sorting Parcels – 8¢: “The people in your Postal Service handle and deliver more than 500 million packages yearly.”
Mail Canceling – 8¢: “Thousands of machines, buildings, and vehicles must be operated and maintained to keep your mail moving.”
Manual Sorting – 8¢: “The skill of sorting mail manually is still vital to the delivery of your mail.”
Machine Sorting – 8¢: “Employees use modern, high speed equipment to sort and process huge volumes of mail in central locations.”
Loading Truck – 8¢: “Thirteen billion pounds of mail are handled yearly by postal employees as they speed your letters and packages.”
Letter Carrier – 8¢: “Our customers include 54 million urban and 12 million rural families, plus millions of businesses.”
Rural Delivery – 8¢: “Employees cover 4 million miles each delivery day to bring mail to your home or business.”
First U.S. Automated Post Office
On October 20, 1960, America’s first automated post office opened in Providence, Rhode Island.
By the mid-1950s, post offices around the country were dealing with a massive amount of mail that they struggled to keep up with using their traditional systems. In 1958, Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield approved the construction of the first fully automated post office in the country in Providence, Rhode Island.
The construction broke ground on April 2, 1959. The project planners had a number of obstacles to overcome. They needed to create machines to quickly and efficiently cull and assemble each kind and class of mail, plus face, sort, and cancel it by priority, as well as separate it out by destination. The project was dubbed Operation Turnkey because the post office would be able to process mail with the “turn of a key.”
The post office was equipped with the latest technology available to be able to move more than one million pieces of mail every day. At the center of the building stood a 25-foot control tower to serve as the nerve center. By the time it was completed, the post office had six culling machines, six positioning and canceling machines, 11 letter sorting machines, two parcel post sorting machines, and more than 15,700 feet of conveyor belts.
Earlier in 1960, it was suggested that a stamp be issued to honor this tremendous first. The Citizen’s Stamp Advisory Committee rejected it, as they thought it was self-serving and would be unpopular as many blamed automation for increased unemployment. In the end, the postmaster general decided to issue the stamp anyway.
The stamp was issued on October 20, 1960, the same day the post office officially opened for business. The stamp turned out to be quite popular – with over 833,000 stamps and 458,000 First Day Covers sold on the first day. This success would later inspire the US Post Office to issue more stamps with postal themes, such as the 1963 City Mail Delivery stamp, the 1971 USPS logo stamp, and the 1974 Postal Service Employees Set.
The post office itself wasn’t quite as successful right from the start. It turned out it wasn’t processing the mail fast enough for the area, with some machines not being used to their full potential and others not being used at all. Plus, the employees also didn’t get fully trained for some of the machines, leading them to malfunction. In spite of this, the post office continued to experiment with automation, leading several other cities to adopt similar technology. Over the years, new advancements helped improve the automation process, which has been adopted in most of the nation’s post offices today.